Home Security Is Not Just Internet of Things

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  • April 4, 2018

Cloud is a lot more pervasive than one may have imagined and in this article, we will focus on the various ways in which cloud technology is making home security systems robust and impenetrable.

The term ‘Internet of Things’ gets thrown around quite a lot when we talk about cloud technology in domains outside of computer systems. But cloud technology in areas like home security is not merely about IoT. Cloud is a lot more pervasive than one may have imagined and in this article, we will focus on the various ways in which cloud technology is making home security systems robust and impenetrable.

Cloud Storage
Home security cameras have traditionally been the most trusted technologies to capture intruder movements. The trouble with traditional home security cameras has been that the evidence (video recording of intrusion) is within reaching distance of burglars. In other words, taking possession of the home security camera offers a fail-proof way for burglars to destroy evidence. That changes with cloud storage. With this, camera recordings of intrusion are stored not locally, but on a third-party server in the cloud. Destroying the home security system does not affect the video recordings themselves and this can be used for forensic investigation and as evidence in courts.

Clouds in Your Household
Intruders who manage to break-in without setting off the alarm could still be detected with other aspects of cloud technology. A growing number of homes are now smart in the sense that every appliance and gadget is connected to the cloud for easy remote control. When it comes to security, this has its own advantages. A burglar may not be able to steal a TV or open the cupboard without setting off alerts and notifications to the owner about the device being unplugged. This heightened barrier to entry and theft disincentivizes potential intruders.

There are however workarounds that many burglars resort to. One common option is cutting access to the power or internet line before intrusion. This prevents notifications about intrusion and theft being sent over the cloud to the home owner. Products like SimpliSafe prevent this by connecting externally through a wireless cellular connection that cannot be sabotaged. While this is not IoT per se, this is more secure in that it can continue to work in the absence of phone lines or electricity and is more reliable against sabotage.

Big Data and Analytics
Automated security systems, if not executed properly, can result in a lot of false positives. This can result in undue strain on the security and law enforcement agencies who are often the first to respond to such automated threat notifications. Big data and analytics play a critical role in minimizing such false positives. Upcoming trends in home automation systems include behavioral analytics that study user behavior to understand whether the user is a legitimate resident or an intruder. Not only this, cloud-based big data systems also study intrusion patterns from across the spectrum to predict burglary attempts and thwart them even before an attempt has been made.

Cloud-based home security systems are still in their infancy and it is going to be a decade before such futuristic technologies become mainstream. However, the trends in this space point to a future where break-ins will require sophisticated systems that make burglary an expensive and not-so-lucrative affair.

 

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